Glossary of Terms

Click on a word/phrase below to see its definition.

Fundoplication

Fundoplication

A surgical procedure of tucking or folding the fundus of the stomach around the esophagus to prevent reflux

Gait Trainer

Gait Trainer

Standing devices which enable individuals by facilitating their ability to stand upright at various intervals throughout the day

Gastro-esophageal Reflux (GERD)

Gastro-esophageal Reflux (GERD)

A condition in which the muscle at the end of the esophagus does not close properly, allowing the contents of the stomach to leak back, or reflux, into the esophagus. This causes irritation such as a burning sensation in the chest or throat (heartburn) or the taste of stomach fluid in the back of the mouth (acid indigestion). Also known as acid reflux.

GDPR

GDPR

The General Data Protection Regulation is a legal framework that sets guidelines for the collection and processing of personal information from individuals who live in the European Union (EU).

Gene Therapy

Gene Therapy

The administration of a gene or genetic material to replace, correct or inactivate a mutated (defective) gene or to supply a gene which produces a protein that can compensate for a missing or abnormal protein

Genetics

Genetics

The study of heredity and the variation of inherited characteristics.

Germline Mutation

Germline Mutation

A mutation in one or more but not all of the cells that the body will use to produce egg and sperm cells. Usually this mutation is not present in other cells of the individual and cannot be detected with a blood test.

Growing Rods

Growing Rods

A surgical instrument used in growing children with scoliosis that allows the spine to continue growing while managing the curve until the child is old enough for spinal fusion.

Growth Sparing

Growth Sparing

A technique whereby devices such as magic rods are implanted to straighten spine curvature without fixing the spine's height and allowing the patient to continue to grow

G-Tube

G-Tube

A device implanted into the stomach or inserted via nose or mouth to the stomach for providing food, supplements or medication.

Heterozygous

Heterozygous

A mutation in only one allele (maternal or paternal).

HIPAA

HIPAA

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 is United States legislation that provides data privacy and security provisions for safeguarding medical information.

Holter Monitor

Holter Monitor

A portable device that records the electrical activity (EKG) of the heart.

Homozygous

Homozygous

Identical mutations in both the paternal and maternal alleles.

Hoyer Lift

Hoyer Lift

A device with a motorized seat mechanism enabling the lifting of the body from a sitting to a standing position or to transport an immobile person to another place