Glossary of Terms

Click on a word/phrase below to see its definition.

CO2 retention

CO2 retention

The increased body storage of carbon dioxide redulting from impaired carbon dioxide elimination.

Cognition

Cognition

Cognition is the process of knowing and, more precisely, the process of being aware, knowing, thinking, learning and judging. Some types of CMD do not affect cognition, other types of CMD may impair cognitive abilities.

 

COL6

COL6

A CMD Subtype that results from gene defects affecting the production of collagen type 6 protein in the extracellular matrix of the muscle.

Collagen VI

Collagen VI

A CMD Subtype that results from gene defects affecting the production of collagen type 6 protein in the extracellular matrix of the muscle.

Composite Motor Skills

Composite Motor Skills

A way of measuring several different types of motor skills, such as handwriting and eating, and putting these measurements together to see how various aspects of a person’s motor skills are doing overall.

Concentric Exercise

Concentric Exercise

The shortening of muscle as it acts against resistive force (like a weight). For example, during a biceps curl, the biceps contract concentrically during the lifting phase of the exercise.

Confidentiality

Confidentiality



The property that data or information is not made available or disclosed to unauthorized persons or processes.

Confidentiality

The property that data or information is not made available or disclosed to unauthorized persons or processes.

Congenital

Congenital

Present at birth.

Consent

Consent

To agree to do something or to give permission.

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)

One of the most commonly used forms of noninvasive ventilation, CPAP increases the pressure of the air in the lungs for the whole time someone is using the machine. This is helpful for people who have weak airways that get too small at times (as with obstructive sleep apnea).

Contracture

Contracture

A tightness in the muscles or tendons around a joint, which prevents the joint from moving the full amount. For example, a contracture in the knee can prevent the knee from straightening out or bending completely.

Cookie

Cookie

A small text file created by a website that is stored in the user's computer either temporarily for that session only, or permanently on the hard disk (persistent cookie). Cookies provide a way for the website to recognize you and keep track of your preferences.

Cough Assist Machine

Cough Assist Machine

A device that helps to clear secretions from the lungs by gradually applying positive air pressure to the airway and then rapidly shifting to negative air pressure

Deidentified

Deidentified

Information that has been redacted to remove details that make it possible to recognize which particular person the information is connected with.