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Glossary of Terms Related to Congenital Muscle Disease

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Term Definition
Noninvasive Ventilation

Noninvasive ventilation is the delivery of ventilatory support without the need for an invasive artificial airway. Such ventilation has a role in the management of acute or chronic respiratory failure in many patients and may have a role for some patients with heart failure. Noninvasive ventilation can often eliminate the need for intubation or tracheostomy and preserve normal swallowing, speech, and cough mechanisms. There are several types of noninvasive ventilation; including negative pressure ventilation, bilevel positive airway pressure (BIPAP or bilevel ventilator) device, or a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) device. The use of noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation (NPPV) in acute hospital settings and at home has been steadily increasing.

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